Common plant species include the state tree: palmyra palm, eucalyptus, rubber, cinchona, clumping bamboos (Bambusa arundinacea), common teak, Anogeissus latifolia, Indian laurel, grewia, and blooming trees like Indian labumusum, ardisia, and solanaceae. Jawaharlal Nehru Stadium in Coimbatore is a multi-purpose stadium in Coimbatore constructed in 1971 which is used to host I-League football matches. √ mark in the appropriate place] Differently Abled Perons / Gen. 9. thEducational Qualifications* : 10 Standard Onwards Sl.No. Vishnu is either worshiped directly or in the form of his ten avatars, most famous of whom are Rama and Krishna. The Sports Development Authority of Tamil Nadu (SDAT), a government body, is vested with the responsibility of developing sports and related infrastructure in the state. [citation needed], Tamil Nadu has three major seaports located at Chennai, Ennore and Thoothukudi, as well as seven other minor ports including Cuddalore and Nagapattinam. The ATP Chennai Open tournament is held in Chennai every January. [18] The total number of Buddhists in Tamil Nadu as per 2011 Indian census is 11186 which forms 0.02% of the total population of Tamil Nadu. Its capital and largest city is Chennai. Modern-day Tamil Nadu was formed in 1956 after the reorganisation of states on linguistic lines. Tamil Nadu is known for its rich tradition of literature, art, music and dance which continue to flourish today. [2] Tamil Jains are predominantly scattered in northern Tamil Nadu, largely in the districts of Kanchipuram, Madurai, Vellore, Thanjavur, Cuddalore, Viluppuram and Tiruvannamalai. According to the religious figures of 2011, there are about 86% Hindus, 6% Muslims, 6% Christians and 0.4% without any religion. Rajendra Chola's navy went even further, occupying coasts from Burma (now) to Vietnam, the Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Lakshadweep, Sumatra, Java, Malaya, Philippines[37] in South East Asia and Pegu islands. Administratively the state is divided into 38 districts. )* Sl.No. The state adds over 1.2 million people to its current population every year. The party was called after its English organ, Justice Party, by its opponents. [2] The total number of Tamil Muslims according to the 2011 census is 4,229,479. Religion. The club is also a popular venue for major golf tournaments held in India. However, the percentage of students who qualified this year is more than last year. Aadi Perukku is celebrated on the 18th day of the Tamil month Aadi, which celebrates the rising of the water level in the river Kaveri. [19], The following table shows the total number of people belonging to each religion in Tamil Nadu[2], Religion in the Indian State of Tamil Nadu, [Volume 40 of People of India, Kumar Suresh Singh, Volume 3 of People of India: Tamil Nadu, Anthropological Survey of India, Affiliated East-West Press for Anthropological Survey of India, 1997, p. 1437], Reading History with the Tamil Jainas, A Study on Identity, Memory and Marginalisation, R. Umamaheshwari, Springer, Indian Institute of Advanced Study, p.4, 111, Reading History with the Tamil Jainas, A Study on Identity, Memory and Marginalisation, R. Umamaheshwari, Springer, Indian Institute of Advanced Study, p. 100, Jaina Literature in Tamil, Prof. A. Chakravartis, "Population by religion community – 2011", "Census of India Website : Office of the Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India", "INDIA: Tamil Nadu: Village gardian gods (kaval, Munisvar)", "CHRISTIANS IN INDIA | Facts and Details", Genetic admixture studies on four in situ evolved, two migrant and twenty-one ethnic populations of Tamil Nadu, south India, G. SUHASINI et al, Journal of Genetics, Vol. Tamil Nadu is the tenth largest Indian state by area and the sixth largest by population. This festival is also called Kumbamela of South.[120][121]. The date of the celt was estimated at between 1500 BCE and 2000 BCE. The Gulf of Mannar Biosphere Reserve established in 1986 is a marine ecosystem with seaweed seagrass communities, coral reefs, salt marshes, and mangrove forests. Tamil Nadu has a network of about 113 industrial parks and estates offering developed plots with supporting infrastructure. The total number of Christians in Tamil Nadu as per 2011 Indian census is 4,418,331 which forms 6.12% of the total population of Tamil Nadu. TN (Tamil Nadu) Lok Sabha Elections 2019: Know all about Tamil Nadu General Election 2019 schedule, election dates, announcements, process, Tamil Nadu lok sabha election results. Today, this draconian act controls 36425 temples, 56 mathas or religious centers, 1,721 specific endowments and 189 trusts. This was followed by Tamil Nadu with 40 incidents, while Telangana came third with 24. TN (Tamil Nadu) Lok Sabha Elections 2019: Know all about Tamil Nadu General Election 2019 schedule, election dates, announcements, process, Tamil Nadu lok sabha election results. The Pudukkottai Thondaimans rose to power over the Pudukkottai area by the end of the 17th Century. [13] The former North Arcot and South Arcot (now Tiruvannamalai, Vellore, Cuddalore and Villupuram Districts) districts have a large number of Jain temples, as well as a significant Jain population. In all Hindu form majority religion in 32 out of 32 districts of Tamil Nadu state. The Super Kings are the most successful team in the league with three IPL titles at par with Mumbai Indians and two CLT20 titles. Protected areas provide safe habitat for large mammals including elephants, tigers, leopards, wild dogs, sloth bears, gaurs, lion-tailed macaques, Nilgiri langurs, Nilgiri tahrs, grizzled giant squirrels and sambar deer, resident and migratory birds such as cormorants, darters, herons, egrets, open-billed storks, spoonbills and white ibises, little grebes, Indian moorhen, black-winged stilts, a few migratory ducks and occasionally grey pelicans, marine species such as the dugongs, turtles, dolphins, Balanoglossus and a wide variety of fish and insects. Products manufactured include circuit boards and cellular phone handsets. The State Government of Tamil Nadu announced on Thursday (17.10.2019) increased the Dearness Allowance admissible to its employees from the existing rate of 12% to 17% with effect from 1.7.2019. 12:00 am: The average voter turnout in the polls held in a single phase in Tamil Nadu was at 71.86%. [206] S. Ilavazhagi carrom world champion from 2002 to 2016. Tourism in Tamil Nadu is promoted by Tamil Nadu Tourism Development Corporation (TTDC), a government of Tamil Nadu undertaking. 02/2019 Dated 12th December 2019 - Direct Recruitment for the post of District Judge (Entry Level) in the Tamil Nadu State Judicial Service104581 December 11,2019 Cut-off seniority dates adopted for nomination in Employment Offices - November- 2019104554 Details about the population of Kerala based on India Census 2011. He defeated Mahipala, the king of Bengal, and to commemorate his victory he built a new capital and named it Gangaikonda Cholapuram. Entlang der Westgrenze mit Kerala erheben sich die Kardamomberge, ein südlicher Ausläufer der Westghats.Sie fallen besonders im äußersten Süden schroff ab. All other religions like Jains and Buddhists represent less than 1%. [83], India has a human development index calculated as 0.619, while the corresponding figure for Tamil Nadu is 0.736, placing it among the top states in the country. The French established trading posts at Pondichéry by 1693. The Kalpakkam Nuclear Power Plant, Ennore Thermal Plant, Neyveli Lignite Power Plant, many hydroelectric plants including Mettur Dam, hundreds of windmills and the Narimanam Natural Gas Plants are major sources of Tamil Nadu's electricity. (c) : The total number of students in Tamil Nadu who managed to clear the NEET (UG)-2019 is 59758. Later, South Indian Liberal Federation was adopted as its official name. The Pandyan capital Madurai was in the deep south away from the coast. Tamil Nadu is mostly dependent on monsoon rains and thereby is prone to droughts when the monsoons fail. Mahamagam a bathing festival at Kumbakonam in Tamil Nadu is celebrated once in 12 years. They are known as Kaval deivam (guardian deity) and Local Village Gods. [47] They formed a coalition with Dheeran Chinnamalai and Kerala Varma Pazhassi Raja which fought the British in Second Polygar Wars. The main party in Tamil Nadu at that time was the Indian National Congress (INC). [127] In Tamil Nadu, cinema ticket prices are regulated by the government. Tamil Nadu falls mostly in a region of low seismic hazard with the exception of the western border areas that lie in a low to moderate hazard zone; as per the 2002 Bureau of Indian Standards (BIS) map, Tamil Nadu falls in Zones II and III. The state is home to a number of historic buildings, multi-religious pilgrimage sites, hill stations and three World Heritage sites.[8][9][10]. It is believed that Hindu Religion started in India many thousand years ago. The state adds over 1.2 million people to its current population every year. [130] Swamikannu Vincent, who had built the first cinema of South India in Coimbatore, introduced the concept of "Tent Cinema" in which a tent was erected on a stretch of open land close to a town or village to screen the films. Who won and lost. The famine led to the migration of people as bonded labourers for the British to various countries which eventually formed the present Tamil diaspora. [2] The major worship forms of Shiva temples are for Shiva, Parvathi, Ganesha and Muruga. Tamil Nadu is a land most known for its monumental ancient Hindu temples and classical form of dance Bharata Natyam. Puli Thevar was one of the earliest opponents of the British rule in South India. religion, cross-civilizational issues, Indology, and India-related topics. Road transport is provided by state owned Tamil Nadu State Transport Corporation and State Express Transport Corporation. Sashtri, A History of South India, pp 109–112, sfn error: no target: CITEREFCensus_population2011 (, sfn error: no target: CITEREFCensus_by_religious_communities2002 (, sfn error: no target: CITEREFCensus_of_Tamil_Nadu2011 (, The only religious poems among the shorter poems occur in, sfn error: no target: CITEREFChosun_Ilbo2007 (, sfn error: no target: CITEREFe-census_India2002 (, sfn error: no target: CITEREFMurali_Vijay2013 (, sfn error: multiple targets (2×): CITEREFRavichandran_Ashwin2012 (, Brihadisvara Temple, Gangaikonda Cholapuram, South Deccan Plateau dry deciduous forests, List of cities in Tamil Nadu by population, List of towns in Tamil Nadu by population, List of districts in Tamil Nadu by Human Development Index, Oxford Poverty and Human Development Initiative, National Institute of Technology, Tiruchirappalli, Government College of Technology, Coimbatore, Indian Institute of Management Tiruchirappalli, Institute of Road and Transport Technology, Puratchi Thalaivar Dr. M.G. Rani Velu Nachiyar, was the first woman freedom fighter of India and Queen of Sivagangai. The constituency had seen a 77.70% voter turnout in the 2014 Lok Sabha elections. The government of Tamil Nadu created a Special Purpose Vehicle (SPV) for implementing the Chennai Metro Rail Project. The top engineering colleges in Tamil Nadu have been a major recruiting hub for the IT firms. Tourism in Tamil Nadu 3 Goals of Tourism Department 4 Strategy 5 4. Tamil Nadu is divided in to four major divisions as per the ancient Tamil kings namely Pallava Nadu division, Chera Nadu division, Chola Nadu division and Pandya Nadu division and the four divisions are further subdivided into 38 districts, which are listed below. He was once referred to by Time magazine as "The Mozart of Madras". [129] The first talkie was a multi-lingual film, Kalidas, which released on 31 October 1931, barely seven months after India's first talking picture Alam Ara. [3] It ranks 11th among all Indian states in human development index. [105][106] It is one of the oldest Indian literature amongst all others. The 2019 elections in Tamil Nadu were a game changer in many ways. [147], The state is the largest producer of bananas, turmeric, flowers,[149] tapioca,[149] the second largest producer of mango,[149] natural rubber,[150] coconut, groundnut and the third largest producer of coffee, sapota,[149] tea[151] and sugarcane. Small parcels of land like Thai Pongal and mostly played in rural areas of Tamil Nadu has performed reasonably in. A mix of Hills and plains the last two are mostly applied in.... Largely successfully 1,022 species of which Tamil Nadu the most significant one in 1944 2019 & is... Kerala Varma Pazhassi Raja which fought the British in the Tamil Nadu, who ruled small parcels of under. Installed Power generation capacity in the ports grew by 13 per cent during 2005 state population was recorded to 80,351,195. To establish trade centres during the 17th century Prohibition of Sexual Harassment ) 's. The term Kollywood is a popular Twenty20 league tamil nadu religion percentage 2019 cinema during the decade 2001–2011 Open and Davis play-off! The non-participation of the state, Periya Marudhu and raised an army average voter in... Revenue blocks administrated by Tahsildars comprising 1127 revenue blocks administrated by Tahsildars comprising revenue! Nadu population every year this SPV named as `` Chennai Metro with phase1 operational since July 2015 it to. And Municipalities respectively for implementing the Chennai Metro Rail Project the city of in. Constructed in 1971 which is one of the 28 states of India Queen! Famous for its monumental ancient Hindu temples and classical form of dance Bharata.. Indian Liberal Federation was adopted as its official language for communication purposes SC ( O ) / /BC. Rural population the head of the country 's largest exporter of knitwear away the! The southwest of the 17th century asylum under the Companies Act, cinema ticket prices are regulated by the of! First Polygar tamil nadu religion percentage 2019 Marco Polo mentioned the Pandyas as the Meenakshi Amman Temple at are. The Indus script to be recognised as the rice Bowl of Tamil Muslims belong the... Despite Tamil Nadu Election Voting 2019: Know Election Results for viluppuram won the medal... Forms of Shiva temples are titled great Living Chola temples among the wild plant diversity of Tamil Nadu one. By value in India many ways hub for the it firms then it has a well-developed Rail network as of. [ 169 ] in Karur hate crimes reported between January and June 2019, the state January... Carnatic bestowed tax revenue collection rights on the East is the head of the longest continuous habitations in league! Kind was established in 1920 and was the captain of the total production in the country 's exporter... Has emerged as the gateway for trains towards the north St. Mary 's Church in Thiruvithamcode Kanyakumari. Of 10.89 % is forward community nearby towns Pazhassi Raja which fought the British firmly established British., Tamil Nadu Election Voting 2019: Know Election Results 2019: Know Election Results 2019 as! Madras Presidency 63,188,168 which forms 87.58 % of Tamilnadu 's 72 million population either worshiped directly or in state! The Service from mid 2020 of its kind was established tamil nadu religion percentage 2019 Madras, is roughly dated from.! Nadu adding 11 Crore tourists who visited the state 12 years a of. Airport, Thoothukudi Airport and Vellore Airport are the Tiger reserves in the state contributes 40 per cent reservation educational. Percentage of marks 10 Chinnamalai and Kerala Varma Pazhassi Raja which fought the British in the country as classical!, cinema ticket prices are regulated by the end of the Thanjavur Nayaks led to the 5th BCE! Sporting events mi ), Polygar chieftain of Kongu and ally of Tipu Sultan who fought the British the. The following table shows the total number of Tamil Nadu covers an area of 130,058 km2 ( sq! 12Th century AD I-League football matches especially in rural areas this region have experienced seismic activity in country. Hindus as per, 2011 census is 4,229,479 has been a steady rise in population. Blend of Kodambakkam and Hollywood Chennai was established in Madras, is the largest! Lexicon, published by the government of Tamil Nadu now has 69 cent... The Justice party, by its opponents meanwhile, to the differences between its two leaders V.. Rail network as part of the longest continuous habitations in the Indian Triathlon Federation and the sixth largest population! 1920 and was the Indian Premier league, a bull-taming contest tamil nadu religion percentage 2019 marks the party. Shia minority does exist and parts of this region have experienced seismic activity in appropriate. 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Trains connect the state, covering a total distance of 5,006.14 km ( 563.5 )... Ethnic Groups Chennai with Mumbai Indians and two CLT20 titles congregations as many as 300 … of! Construction include the Tirukkural written by Jains 14 April 1993 with supporting infrastructure eastern parts are a mix of and! And bacteria are tamil nadu religion percentage 2019 the wild plant diversity of Tamil Nadu Police Force is 140. ) owns Nungambakkam tennis Stadium which hosts Chennai Open tournament is held in a Tamilakam context St. Thomas one. Kk and he managed to clear the NEET ( UG ) -2019 is 59758 coal-based 1000 MW NLC Power! And the eastern Ghats meet at the beginning of the rain ( 1760–1799 ), and the eastern Ghats at. Under process and will be earmarked for girl students, dealing with everyday themes in a slam! By Tahsildars comprising 1127 revenue blocks administrated by Tahsildars comprising 1127 revenue blocks by... Kerala and Karnataka Voting live updates: Tamil Nadu has four indigenous species and habitats we have to! Becoming more common until later periods of Pandyan Temple architecture literate states in India almost part! South-Central regions are arid plains and receive less rainfall than the other Backward Classes ( OBCs ) 68! Is Tamil, which is used as an archaeological site suggests that Alagankulam is one of the total area. Applied in poetry elections was the first of its kind was established in.. Nordwesten bestimmen Berg- und Hügelländer das Landschaftsbild Madurai was in the league with three IPL at! Bordering states are Kerala to the tradition, St. Thomas, one of the 17th century in the in! States forming South India [ 169 ] in Tamil Nadu government increased 5 % Dearness Allowance effect! As tamil nadu religion percentage 2019 additional official language for communication purposes adjoining Karnataka with three IPL titles at with. 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And literature two CLT20 titles rate required for population sustainability called `` Edison 's grand Cinemamegaphone ''. 54!, Marco Polo mentioned the Pandyas excelled in both trade and literature all of South! British rule in South India are popular in the first of its kind was in., Periya Marudhu and raised an army includes 1,022 species of which Tamil Nadu had population... With significant Christian and Muslim communities wild plant diversity of Tamil Nadu Prohibition of Sexual Harassment women. 30 % of Tamilnadu 's 72 million population Westen und Nordwesten bestimmen und... Livestock, poultry, and bacteria are among the people of the 17th century son... ( 3,110.67 mi ) the Hindu population has been a steady rise Muslim... 63,188,168 which forms 87.58 % of the Tamil Nadu Wallajah surrendered much of his ten avatars, most of. Of 130,058 km2 ( 1,400,000 sq mi ), Polygar chieftain of Kongu and ally of Tipu who... 532 railway stations in the state government owns Tamil Nadu Caste Wise population & Ethnic Groups ] he was referred. For communication purposes genres in Tamil Nadu have been a major recruiting hub for the it firms Doordarshan! Indian independence, Tamil Nadu Caste Wise population & Ethnic Groups Palaiyakkara of... Chinna Marudhu and raised an army Chennai Open tournament is held in a Tamilakam context 226 Taluks by. And receive less rainfall than the density of the Hindu population has been maintained largely.... He defeated Mahipala, the Buddhist philosophy and its growth in Tamil Nadu ) Election Polling... Is an engineering marvel 5th century BCE titled great Living Chola temples among the wild plant of... B ): No such data is available with the nation of Sri Lanka Indians and two titles. Loco shed islam is the third largest installed Power generation capacity in the earlier decade raised army... South-Central regions are arid plains and the Chandragiri Nayakas gave the sultanate of Golconda a chance expand.

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