Common plant species include the state tree: palmyra palm, eucalyptus, rubber, cinchona, clumping bamboos (Bambusa arundinacea), common teak, Anogeissus latifolia, Indian laurel, grewia, and blooming trees like Indian labumusum, ardisia, and solanaceae. Jawaharlal Nehru Stadium in Coimbatore is a multi-purpose stadium in Coimbatore constructed in 1971 which is used to host I-League football matches. √ mark in the appropriate place] Differently Abled Perons / Gen. 9. thEducational Qualifications* : 10 Standard Onwards Sl.No. Vishnu is either worshiped directly or in the form of his ten avatars, most famous of whom are Rama and Krishna. The Sports Development Authority of Tamil Nadu (SDAT), a government body, is vested with the responsibility of developing sports and related infrastructure in the state. , Tamil Nadu has three major seaports located at Chennai, Ennore and Thoothukudi, as well as seven other minor ports including Cuddalore and Nagapattinam. The ATP Chennai Open tournament is held in Chennai every January.  The total number of Buddhists in Tamil Nadu as per 2011 Indian census is 11186 which forms 0.02% of the total population of Tamil Nadu. Its capital and largest city is Chennai. Modern-day Tamil Nadu was formed in 1956 after the reorganisation of states on linguistic lines. Tamil Nadu is known for its rich tradition of literature, art, music and dance which continue to flourish today.  Tamil Jains are predominantly scattered in northern Tamil Nadu, largely in the districts of Kanchipuram, Madurai, Vellore, Thanjavur, Cuddalore, Viluppuram and Tiruvannamalai. According to the religious figures of 2011, there are about 86% Hindus, 6% Muslims, 6% Christians and 0.4% without any religion. Rajendra Chola's navy went even further, occupying coasts from Burma (now) to Vietnam, the Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Lakshadweep, Sumatra, Java, Malaya, Philippines in South East Asia and Pegu islands. Administratively the state is divided into 38 districts. )* Sl.No. The state adds over 1.2 million people to its current population every year. The party was called after its English organ, Justice Party, by its opponents.  The total number of Tamil Muslims according to the 2011 census is 4,229,479. Religion. The club is also a popular venue for major golf tournaments held in India. However, the percentage of students who qualified this year is more than last year. Aadi Perukku is celebrated on the 18th day of the Tamil month Aadi, which celebrates the rising of the water level in the river Kaveri. , The following table shows the total number of people belonging to each religion in Tamil Nadu, Religion in the Indian State of Tamil Nadu, [Volume 40 of People of India, Kumar Suresh Singh, Volume 3 of People of India: Tamil Nadu, Anthropological Survey of India, Affiliated East-West Press for Anthropological Survey of India, 1997, p. 1437], Reading History with the Tamil Jainas, A Study on Identity, Memory and Marginalisation, R. Umamaheshwari, Springer, Indian Institute of Advanced Study, p.4, 111, Reading History with the Tamil Jainas, A Study on Identity, Memory and Marginalisation, R. Umamaheshwari, Springer, Indian Institute of Advanced Study, p. 100, Jaina Literature in Tamil, Prof. A. Chakravartis, "Population by religion community – 2011", "Census of India Website : Office of the Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India", "INDIA: Tamil Nadu: Village gardian gods (kaval, Munisvar)", "CHRISTIANS IN INDIA | Facts and Details", Genetic admixture studies on four in situ evolved, two migrant and twenty-one ethnic populations of Tamil Nadu, south India, G. SUHASINI et al, Journal of Genetics, Vol. Tamil Nadu is the tenth largest Indian state by area and the sixth largest by population. This festival is also called Kumbamela of South.. The date of the celt was estimated at between 1500 BCE and 2000 BCE. The Gulf of Mannar Biosphere Reserve established in 1986 is a marine ecosystem with seaweed seagrass communities, coral reefs, salt marshes, and mangrove forests. Tamil Nadu has a network of about 113 industrial parks and estates offering developed plots with supporting infrastructure. The total number of Christians in Tamil Nadu as per 2011 Indian census is 4,418,331 which forms 6.12% of the total population of Tamil Nadu. TN (Tamil Nadu) Lok Sabha Elections 2019: Know all about Tamil Nadu General Election 2019 schedule, election dates, announcements, process, Tamil Nadu lok sabha election results. Today, this draconian act controls 36425 temples, 56 mathas or religious centers, 1,721 specific endowments and 189 trusts. This was followed by Tamil Nadu with 40 incidents, while Telangana came third with 24. TN (Tamil Nadu) Lok Sabha Elections 2019: Know all about Tamil Nadu General Election 2019 schedule, election dates, announcements, process, Tamil Nadu lok sabha election results. The Pudukkottai Thondaimans rose to power over the Pudukkottai area by the end of the 17th Century.  The former North Arcot and South Arcot (now Tiruvannamalai, Vellore, Cuddalore and Villupuram Districts) districts have a large number of Jain temples, as well as a significant Jain population. In all Hindu form majority religion in 32 out of 32 districts of Tamil Nadu state. The Super Kings are the most successful team in the league with three IPL titles at par with Mumbai Indians and two CLT20 titles. Protected areas provide safe habitat for large mammals including elephants, tigers, leopards, wild dogs, sloth bears, gaurs, lion-tailed macaques, Nilgiri langurs, Nilgiri tahrs, grizzled giant squirrels and sambar deer, resident and migratory birds such as cormorants, darters, herons, egrets, open-billed storks, spoonbills and white ibises, little grebes, Indian moorhen, black-winged stilts, a few migratory ducks and occasionally grey pelicans, marine species such as the dugongs, turtles, dolphins, Balanoglossus and a wide variety of fish and insects. Products manufactured include circuit boards and cellular phone handsets. The State Government of Tamil Nadu announced on Thursday (17.10.2019) increased the Dearness Allowance admissible to its employees from the existing rate of 12% to 17% with effect from 1.7.2019. 12:00 am: The average voter turnout in the polls held in a single phase in Tamil Nadu was at 71.86%.  S. Ilavazhagi carrom world champion from 2002 to 2016. Tourism in Tamil Nadu is promoted by Tamil Nadu Tourism Development Corporation (TTDC), a government of Tamil Nadu undertaking. 02/2019 Dated 12th December 2019 - Direct Recruitment for the post of District Judge (Entry Level) in the Tamil Nadu State Judicial Service104581 December 11,2019 Cut-off seniority dates adopted for nomination in Employment Offices - November- 2019104554 Details about the population of Kerala based on India Census 2011. He defeated Mahipala, the king of Bengal, and to commemorate his victory he built a new capital and named it Gangaikonda Cholapuram. Entlang der Westgrenze mit Kerala erheben sich die Kardamomberge, ein südlicher Ausläufer der Westghats.Sie fallen besonders im äußersten Süden schroff ab. All other religions like Jains and Buddhists represent less than 1%. , India has a human development index calculated as 0.619, while the corresponding figure for Tamil Nadu is 0.736, placing it among the top states in the country. The French established trading posts at Pondichéry by 1693. The Kalpakkam Nuclear Power Plant, Ennore Thermal Plant, Neyveli Lignite Power Plant, many hydroelectric plants including Mettur Dam, hundreds of windmills and the Narimanam Natural Gas Plants are major sources of Tamil Nadu's electricity. (c) : The total number of students in Tamil Nadu who managed to clear the NEET (UG)-2019 is 59758. Later, South Indian Liberal Federation was adopted as its official name. The Pandyan capital Madurai was in the deep south away from the coast. Tamil Nadu is mostly dependent on monsoon rains and thereby is prone to droughts when the monsoons fail. Mahamagam a bathing festival at Kumbakonam in Tamil Nadu is celebrated once in 12 years. They are known as Kaval deivam (guardian deity) and Local Village Gods.  They formed a coalition with Dheeran Chinnamalai and Kerala Varma Pazhassi Raja which fought the British in Second Polygar Wars. The main party in Tamil Nadu at that time was the Indian National Congress (INC).  In Tamil Nadu, cinema ticket prices are regulated by the government. Tamil Nadu falls mostly in a region of low seismic hazard with the exception of the western border areas that lie in a low to moderate hazard zone; as per the 2002 Bureau of Indian Standards (BIS) map, Tamil Nadu falls in Zones II and III. The state is home to a number of historic buildings, multi-religious pilgrimage sites, hill stations and three World Heritage sites.. It is believed that Hindu Religion started in India many thousand years ago. The state adds over 1.2 million people to its current population every year.  Swamikannu Vincent, who had built the first cinema of South India in Coimbatore, introduced the concept of "Tent Cinema" in which a tent was erected on a stretch of open land close to a town or village to screen the films. Who won and lost. The famine led to the migration of people as bonded labourers for the British to various countries which eventually formed the present Tamil diaspora.  The major worship forms of Shiva temples are for Shiva, Parvathi, Ganesha and Muruga. Tamil Nadu is a land most known for its monumental ancient Hindu temples and classical form of dance Bharata Natyam. Puli Thevar was one of the earliest opponents of the British rule in South India. religion, cross-civilizational issues, Indology, and India-related topics. Road transport is provided by state owned Tamil Nadu State Transport Corporation and State Express Transport Corporation. Sashtri, A History of South India, pp 109–112, sfn error: no target: CITEREFCensus_population2011 (, sfn error: no target: CITEREFCensus_by_religious_communities2002 (, sfn error: no target: CITEREFCensus_of_Tamil_Nadu2011 (, The only religious poems among the shorter poems occur in, sfn error: no target: CITEREFChosun_Ilbo2007 (, sfn error: no target: CITEREFe-census_India2002 (, sfn error: no target: CITEREFMurali_Vijay2013 (, sfn error: multiple targets (2×): CITEREFRavichandran_Ashwin2012 (, Brihadisvara Temple, Gangaikonda Cholapuram, South Deccan Plateau dry deciduous forests, List of cities in Tamil Nadu by population, List of towns in Tamil Nadu by population, List of districts in Tamil Nadu by Human Development Index, Oxford Poverty and Human Development Initiative, National Institute of Technology, Tiruchirappalli, Government College of Technology, Coimbatore, Indian Institute of Management Tiruchirappalli, Institute of Road and Transport Technology, Puratchi Thalaivar Dr. M.G. Rani Velu Nachiyar, was the first woman freedom fighter of India and Queen of Sivagangai. The constituency had seen a 77.70% voter turnout in the 2014 Lok Sabha elections. The government of Tamil Nadu created a Special Purpose Vehicle (SPV) for implementing the Chennai Metro Rail Project. The top engineering colleges in Tamil Nadu have been a major recruiting hub for the IT firms. Tourism in Tamil Nadu 3 Goals of Tourism Department 4 Strategy 5 4. Tamil Nadu is divided in to four major divisions as per the ancient Tamil kings namely Pallava Nadu division, Chera Nadu division, Chola Nadu division and Pandya Nadu division and the four divisions are further subdivided into 38 districts, which are listed below. He was once referred to by Time magazine as "The Mozart of Madras".  The first talkie was a multi-lingual film, Kalidas, which released on 31 October 1931, barely seven months after India's first talking picture Alam Ara.  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