0000078461 00000 n In addition to causing extensive crop damage, the species is notorious for vectoring destructive plant viruses, mainly belonging to the genera Orthotospovirus, Ilarvirus, Alphacarmovirus and Machlomovirus. In the southeastern United States, Frankliniella tritici, along with other Frankliniellaspecies, is recognized as an early-season pest of seedling cotton (Reed et al. Epub 2019 Oct 23. It is by P.M.J. Frankliniella occidentalis ile biyolojik mücadele Mehmet KEÇECİ2* M. Oktay GÜRKAN3 Summary The Western flower thrips, Frankliniella occidentalis (Pergande), is a major pest, causing serious damage on eggplant in greenhouses. Damage on lettuce Frankliniella occidentalis (Pergande) (BASF) Detailed picture of damage on lettuce Frankliniella occidentalis (Pergande) Adult (Pinot Y. 0000002646 00000 n 0000002889 00000 n There are more than 5,000 species of thrips, the most common in homes and gardens being the western flower thrips (Frankliniella occidentalis), the eastern flower thrips (Frankliniella tritici), the onion thrips (Thrips tabaci) and the gladiolus thrips (Taeniothrips simplex). Plants damaged by thrips may be stunted and leaves may be distorted. Thrips damage on cucumber leaves: Frankliniella occidentalis with coarser pattern (left); Thrips tabaci on right, for comparison. No need to register, buy now! Introduction 0000049856 00000 n Background: Elevated CO 2 can alter the leaf damage caused by insect herbivores. Feeding by the adults and larvae can result in flecking on the surface of fruit and under heavy infestations, fruit deformity. 0000004886 00000 n quadrilineatus. Would you like email updates of new search results? eCollection 2020. antioxidant enzymes; climate change; invasive ecology; plant-herbivore interaction; western flower thrips. 0000017171 00000 n 0000004738 00000 n Asia, North, South and Central America, the Caribbean, Europe, Oceania. 0000003406 00000 n 0000193255 00000 n 0000083453 00000 n Frankliniella occidentalis (Pergande) Western flower thrips Distribution. Western flower thrips, Frankliniella occidentalis P. (Thysanoptera: Thripidae) is a major agricultural and horticulture pest worldwide (Kirk, 2002; Kirk and Terry, 2003).It causes damage and spoilage to a vast number of economically important plant species through feeding, oviposition and spread of several plant diseases, most notably tospoviruses (Morse and Hoddle, 2006). Approbation initiale en 2001‐09. Distribution. Background: Funderburk J, Frantz G, Mellinger C, Tyler-Julian K, Srivastava M. Insect Sci. 0000042634 00000 n 0000069176 00000 n The present study was conducted to … Their feeding causes damage not so much by direct piercing but because the injected saliva causes reactions in the plant. 1. 0000029301 00000 n The adult male is about 1 mm long; t… Greater thrip densities induced stronger plant defenses and, in turn, detoxifying enzyme levels in thrips increased over thrip numbers. 0000019980 00000 n It has been documented to feed on over 500 different species of host plants, including a large number of fruit, vegetable, and ornamental crops. 0000044323 00000 n 0000068929 00000 n Thrips puncture the leaves, flowers, or stems with their mouth parts and suck up the exuding sap. 0000054528 00000 n A relationship between damage of eggfruits and the number of Frankliniella occidentalis (Pergande) on eggplant leaves was determined in a plastic eggplant greenhouse under various insecticide application schedules. NIH Frankliniella occidentalis (Pergande) Preferred Common Name. Seasonal occurrence and damage of flower thrips, Frankliniella intonsa (Trybom) on field garden pea in central Hokkaido. The western flower thrips (Frankliniella occidentalis) can be found on a wide variety of plants, including many vegetable and ornamental crops in greenhouses, and on various weeds. 0000064961 00000 n / INRA Montpellier) To read this page in French . (a) Western flower thrips, Frankliniella occidentalis (b) Common blossom thrips, Frankliniella schultzei (c) Chilli thrips, Scirtothrips dorsalis. F. occidentalis are small (1-2 mm long), slender, soft-bodied insects that are yellow to light brown in color; adults have distinctive fringed wings. Asia, North, South and Central America, the Caribbean, Europe, Oceania. This species of thrips is native to the Southwestern United States but has spread to other continents, including Europe, Australia, and South America via transport of infested plant material. Both sexes fully winged. On roses or gerberas with red flowers, or on dark Saintpaulia flowers, feeding damage is readily visible as white streaking. 0000028549 00000 n National Center for Biotechnology Information, Unable to load your collection due to an error, Unable to load your delegates due to an error. 2017 Jun 1;46(3):722-728. doi: 10.1093/ee/nvx083. 2020 Aug;27(4):626-645. doi: 10.1111/1744-7917.12721. 0000084027 00000 n 0000071034 00000 n 0000053616 00000 n Nymphs feed heavily on new fruit just beginning to develop from the flower. Tissue on which the thrips has fed becomes speckled and peppered with small holes; it is also severely discoloured, particularly in the case of petals. Frankliniella occidentalis Recognition data Distinguishing features. 0000055364 00000 n Cette norme décrit un protocole de diagnostic pour Frankliniella occidentalis. 0000059882 00000 n Symptoms caused by oviposition of F. occidentalis on capsicum leaves. It is recorded from Australia and New Zealand, but not from any Pacific island country. trailer << /Size 141 /Info 26 0 R /Encrypt 29 0 R /Root 28 0 R /Prev 246649 /ID[<3c11282ce8868597f0f0560c29c253a0>] >> startxref 0 %%EOF 28 0 obj << /Metadata 25 0 R /Pages 24 0 R /Type /Catalog /PageLabels 22 0 R >> endobj 29 0 obj << /Filter /Standard /R 2 /O ( U�V�.�`�����Dz�-���#_m�_�}�g) /U (���l��n�&�,?�#�D-�iw�4;w�+�ua) /P -4 /V 1 /Length 40 >> endobj 139 0 obj << /S 261 /L 549 /Filter /FlateDecode /Length 140 0 R >> stream 0000014387 00000 n Biology and damage: Both nymphs and adult thrips can injure the plant by rasping the plant bud, flower, leaf tissues and then sucking the exuding sap. Pepinex. We, therefore, investigated the behaviour-modifying effects on second instar larvae of two jasmonic acid derivatives. 0000033297 00000 n 0000079845 00000 n 0000058061 00000 n 0000060489 00000 n Frankliniella occidentalisis a pest of several crops throughout Florida and the world and is capable of causing economic loss (Fig. 0000019445 00000 n Elevated CO2 increased the soluble sugar, soluble protein and free amino acid content in non thrip-infested plants, and decreased superoxide dismutase (SOD) and peroxidase (POD) activity in these plants. The most severe damage(*)is caused by the laying of eggs. 0000016206 00000 n Zhang X, Li R, Hu C, Chen G, Xu H, Chen Z, Li Z. Frankliniella occidentalis (Pergande) is highly destructive invasive pest of crop production worldwide. The adult and larval stages feed by piercing the plant surface with their mouthparts and sucking the contents of plant cells. 0000002739 00000 n The western flower thrips [Frankliniella occidentalis (Pergande)] is an invasive pest insect in agriculture. The western flower thrips Frankliniella occidentalis (Pergande) (Thysanoptera: Thripidae) is a cosmopolitan, polyphagous insect pest that causes bronzing to fruit of strawberry (Fragaria x ananassa). 0000016511 00000 n 0000069865 00000 n quadrilineatus. Conclusion: The symptoms of infestation by F. occidentalis vary widely among the different plants that are attacked. In Central Hokkaido saw-like ovipositor Hesselein at Alabama Cooperative Extension System occidentalisPergande ( Thysanoptera: Thripidae,... A wide variety of crops and vegetables production of empty, air-filled clusters plant... The nutrient content and antioxidant enzyme activity in plants, and increase thrip anti-defense against defenses. 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